# A cost which changes in proportion to changes in volume of activity is called a: a fixed cost b. controllable cost c. variable cost d. opportunity cost

Cost center is a section of the business to which costs are charged. Cost unit helps to ascertain cost for a product or service. Helps in finding out cost of products and control costs.

• Learn about cost accounting vs financial accounting.
• The electricity bill can be divided into two parts – (1) a fixed line rent and (2) cost of units of electricity consumed.
• It does not matter whether the machine is used to produce 1,000 units or 10,000,000 units in a month, the depreciation expense is the same because it is based on the number of years the machine will be in service.
• Three commonly used methods to divided a mixed or semi-variable cost into its fixed and variable components are high-low point method, scatter graph method and least squares regression method.
• This article explains the difference among these three types of costs as well as their response to business activities.

The least‐squares regression analysis is a statistical method used to calculate variable costs. It requires a computer spreadsheet program (for example, Excel) or calculator and uses all points of data instead of just two points like the high‐low method. Graphically, the total fixed cost looks like a straight horizontal line while the total variable cost line slopes upward. Fixed costs per unit will remain constant and variable costs per unit will fluctuate. A cost that changes in proportion to changes in volume of activity is called c) a variable cost. The cost behavior refers to how the cost responds at various levels of production or business activity.

As the level of business activities changes, some costs change while others do not. The response of a cost to a change in business activity is known as cost behavior. In order to effectively undertake their function, managers should be able to predict the behavior of a particular cost in response to a change in particular business activity. For this purpose, costs are primarily classified as variable, fixed and mixed costs. This article explains the difference among these three types of costs as well as their response to business activities.

For example, a company pays a fee of \$1,000 for the first 800 local phone calls in a month and \$0.10 per local call made above 800. During March, a company made 2,000 local calls. Its phone bill will be \$1,120 (\$1,000 +(1,200 × \$0.10)).

## Definition of Cost Behavior

_____________ is concerned with providing financial information to persons within the organization to enable them to make informed judgements and effective decisions which further the organization’s goals. Recognition and evaluation of business transactions and other economic events for appropriate accounting action. It also comprises the preparation financial reports for non-management groups such as shareholders, creditors, regulatory agencies and tax authorities. ______________ is the recognition and evaluation of business transactions and other economic events for appropriate accounting action. Reports include detailed information on the various operating segments of the business such as product lines or departments. Focuses on estimating future revenues, costs and other measures to forecast activities and their results.

We need further information to arrive at a decision as whether a cost is controllable or non-controllable depends on the level of management authority. Companies are incurring extra costs for providing work from home facilities to employees during the current pandemic. Identify whether these are controllable or non-controllable costs.

## Managerial Accounting

Process of determining and accumulating the cost of products or activity. In order to plan for the future and operations, a business needs to have a sense of what obligations it will have, particularly in terms of what revenues to expect. Costs are analyzed to determine how well they can be predicted and are organized so that a business can do Cost – Volume – Price or CVP analysis. Respond to changes in the business level activity. Harold Averkamp (CPA, MBA) has worked as a university accounting instructor, accountant, and consultant for more than 25 years.

• It the process of tracking the company’s operations, comparing actual figures with budgeted figures and to adopt corrective measures should there be deviations from plans.
• The graphs for the fixed cost per unit and variable cost per unit look exactly opposite the total fixed costs and total variable costs graphs.
• For this purpose, costs are primarily classified as variable, fixed and mixed costs.
• The \$500 per month is a fixed cost and \$5 per hour is a variable cost.

Which enables both internal and external parties to evaluate organizational performance and position. Scorekeeping entails accumulating data and reporting results—to all levels of management—describing how the organization is doing. The statement of financial position, income statement and statement of cash flows are used for financial accounting but not for management accounting. Learn about cost accounting vs financial accounting.

## Cost behavior analysis is a study of how a firm’s costs: a. relate to competitor’s cost. b….

Examine the pros, cons, and principles of cost accounting systems and view cost accounting examples. Cost accounting analyzes a company’s cost structure. It accomplishes this by gathering data on the costs incurred by a company’s operations, assigning specific costs to goods and services, as well as other cost items, and assessing the efficiency of cost consumption. Fixed costs can be further categorized as committed and discretionary fixed costs. An example of a variable cost is the cost of flour for a bakery that produces artisan breads. The greater the number of loaves produced, the greater the total cost of the flour used by the bakery.