# Average Total Assets: What is, Formula, Calculation, Meaning

As company XYZ has more earnings on assets than company ABC. As an investment analyst, investing in a company that utilizes its assets efficiently makes more sense. One of the disadvantages of the return on average assets is that it assumes the beginning and ending asset statistics reflect the real asset levels retain daily, which is not necessarily the case. If the Return on Average Assets is lower, it can easily be concluded that the firm is a higher asset-intensive firm.

Since assets are crucial in running a business, they also contribute to various financial metrics. However, they may not be a reliable measure due to fluctuations. Instead, users may prefer average total assets in those calculations.

On the other hand, if the Return on Average Assets is higher, the firm is lower asset intensive. The ROAA result varies greatly depending on the type of industry, and companies that invest a large amount of money up front into equipment and other assets will have a lower ROAA. A ratio result of 5% or better is generally considered good. Each asset that a company employs in their operations helps in increasing the sales of the company, which means that no asset should be put to waste.

The average total assets of \$170,000 imply Red Co. has used an average of that amount of resources in its operations. The closing and opening figures, while relevant, may not provide an accurate analysis of the company’s operations. Average total assets can also help companies in their internal calculations. These assets determine how much resources are available to generate revenues.

A return on average assets ratio is shown as a percentage of all average assets. In simple words, the ROA or return on assets ratio calculates how efficiently a firm or management of a company can manage its assets to produce profits during a given period. In short, the return on Average assets ratio measures how profitable a firm’s assets are.

## Return on Average Assets Formula in Excel (With Excel Template)

Usually, users consider the current year and preceding year’s balances. The Average Total Assets refer to a company’s total assets of the previous accounting period and the current period. The comparison to total sales is less useful for a very successful company that has accumulated a large amount of cash, since the cash figure is included in the calculation of average total assets. In this case, the calculation can be modified to exclude more than a modest amount of cash. We want to calculate the average total assets for the financial year 2022. A balance sheet is an important financial statement that shows a company’s assets, as well as its liabilities and equity (net worth).

• Return on Average Assets is a type of Return on investments, so it helps to indicate a company’s performance.
• However, if the figure has fluctuated over the period, those calculations may not provide an accurate result.
• Based on these figures, the average total assets for Red Co. are as below.
• Return on Average Assets gives an idea to an analyst, investors, and managers of how efficiently management uses its assets to improve earnings.
• To arrive at a more accurate measure of return on assets, analysts like to take the average of the asset balances from the beginning and end of the same period that was used to define net income.
• It can also be used to check if your total assets figure is correct, according to The Balance.

Another variation is to average the aggregate amount of assets at the end of each month. By doing so, the calculation avoids any unusual dip or spike in the total amount of assets that may occur if only the year-end asset figures were used. To find average assets, find the average for the period of time you’re looking at, whether a year, quarter or month. The above section demonstrates how to use this formula to find total assets. Otherwise, you will need to manually add up your assets if you’re using a template in, say, Excel. Take the assets you listed in step one and plug them into the template, making sure to group them into categories like current assets, fixed assets and other assets.

## How does ROAA differ return on total assets (ROTA)?

To calculate total assets on a balance sheet, plug in your assets first. Usually assets are divided into categories such as current or fixed assets—which are assets that are easy to convert into cash (inventory) versus assets that are harder to convert into cash (buildings). If return on assets (ROA) uses average assets, then ROA and ROAA will be identical. The debt to asset ratio is another important formula for assets. This ratio shows how much of a company’s assets were purchased with borrowed money.

Enter the assets from the previous year or period and the assets from the current year or period into the calculator to determine the average total assets. Return on Average Assets shows how efficiently management or a company can convert the money used to purchase total assets into profits or net income. It makes sense that a higher ratio is more favorable to the management and investors because it shows that the firm is more effectively operating its assets to produce greater amounts of net profit. Companies need to accurately compute the total average total assets in order to properly conduct an analysis for the company. To calculate the average total assets, you need to take the sum of the total assets at the beginning and the end of the period, and then divide by 2.

The average total assets are defined as the mean asset value over a given amount of time. ROAA is similar to ROTA, however ROAA uses net income in the numerator, whereas ROTA uses EBIT (earnings before income and taxes) in the numerator. Analysts often use average assets because it takes into consideration balance fluctuations throughout the year and provides a more accurate measure of asset efficiency over a given time period. To arrive at a more accurate measure of return on assets, analysts like to take the average of the asset balances from the beginning and end of the same period that was used to define net income. To illustrate how the calculation of the average total assets is done, assume the below example.

## Average Total Assets Example

To calculate the average total assets, add together the asset values in the current and previous periods, then divide by 2. Instead, users average out any fluctuations over the period by determining the mean position for total assets. It helps them get a more accurate result with the calculations. Average total assets involve determining the average amount of total assets on the balance sheet over a specified period.

It is often calculated as beginning assets less ending assets divided by two. This is done because on any given day, a firm’s actual level of assets will fluctuate in the course of doing business. Average total assets is defined as the average amount of assets recorded on a company’s balance sheet at the end of the current year and preceding year. This figure is most commonly used in comparison to the total sales figure for the current year, to determine the amount of assets required to support a certain amount of sales. This is a useful comparison, since a low asset level in comparison to sales implies that the management team is making highly efficient use of its assets in running the business.

However, if the analyst calculates return on assets using only the assets measured at the end of Year 2, the answer is 6%, because the company is making less income with more assets. Assume that Company A has \$1,000 in net income at the end of Year 2. An analyst will take the asset balance from the firm’s balance sheet at the end of Year 1, and average it with the assets at the end of Year 2 for the ROAA calculation.

## How to calculate Average Total Assets?

Once users have these figures, they must add them and divide them by two to calculate the average total assets. Average total assets represent the mean position of the total assets of a company. It is a value used in various financial metrics to calculate ratios and other crucial figures.

• The closing balance for the prior period becomes the opening figure for the current period.
• The ROAA result varies greatly depending on the type of industry, and companies that invest a large amount of money up front into equipment and other assets will have a lower ROAA.
• To calculate your business’s total assets, you first need to know what assets you have.
• It generates the profitability of a business in relation to its total annual assets.

This free debt to asset ratio calculator will help you get the job done. You can do this manually by filling out the liabilities and equity in your balance sheet. When the amount of total assets of the previous year and current year is determined, they should be added together and then divided by two in order to get the average.

When the assets of the company are effectively managed and utilized, it guarantees that companies are better able to generate a return for their investment. The sales growth of companies are influenced by how efficient the assets are being utilized to achieve the sales objective of the company. This information is available on the Balance Sheet reported by the company at the end of each accounting period. Accounting software will automatically add up all your assets for you to find the final amount (total assets). Make your own balance sheet in Excel by downloading a template (like this one from Microsoft Office).

Return on average assets (ROAA) shows how efficiently a company is utilizing its assets and is also useful when assessing peer companies in the same industry. Unlike return on equity, which measures the return on invested and retained dollars, ROAA measures the return on the assets purchased using those dollars. The return on assets (ROA) formula tells a business owner how much profit is generated after tax for each dollar of assets. In other words, the calculation shows the relation of net earnings to total resources available, according to The Balance. The value of all of a company’s assets is added together to find total assets.

## What Is Included in Total Assets?

According to the above formula, your total liabilities plus equity must equal total assets. If the amounts on both sides of the equation are the same, then your total assets figure is correct. In double-entry bookkeeping, there is an accounting formula used to check the financial health of a business. It can also be used to check if your total assets figure is correct, according to The Balance.

The company is at higher risk of bankruptcy or insolvency (unable to pay its debts), according to The Balance. To calculate your business’s total assets, you first need to know what assets you have. Calculating total assets lets small business owners know if they’re able to repay their debts. It also gives a snapshot of the overall financial health of the business. This indicates that the ABC Company has \$0.1 of net income for every dollar of invested assets.