# Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio Formula + Calculator

The formula to calculate the fixed asset turnover ratio compares a company’s net revenue to the average balance of fixed assets. It is important to understand the concept of the fixed asset turnover ratio as it was helpful in assessing the operational efficiency of a company. This ratio is primarily applicable for manufacturing-based companies as they have huge investments in plant, machinery, and equipment and as such fixed assets’ utilization is critical for their business well-being. The ratio can be used by investors and analysts to compare the performances of companies operating in similar industries. In business, fixed asset turnover is the ratio of sales (on the profit and loss account) to the value of fixed assets (property, plant and equipment or PP&E, on the balance sheet).

• The fixed assets are generally the long-term assets, tangible assets used in a business and they are classified as property, plant, and equipment.
• Some methods of depreciation can produce a book value that is false, and thus the performance will look much better than reality.
• An increase in the ratio over previous periods can, on the other hand, suggest the company is successfully turning its investment in its fixed assets into revenue.
• Therefore, XYZ Inc.’s fixed asset turnover ratio is higher than that of ABC Inc. which indicates that XYZ Inc. was more effective in the use of its fixed assets during 2019.

Unlike the initial equipment sale, the revenue from recurring component purchases and services provided to existing customers requires less spending on long-term assets. After that year, the company’s revenue grows by 10%, with the growth rate then stepping down by 2% per year. For instance, comparisons between capital-intensive (“asset-heavy”) industries cannot be made with “asset-lite” industries since their business models and reliance on long-term assets are too different. But in order to be useful, the ratio must be compared to industry comparables, or companies with similar characteristics as the target company, such as similar business models, target end markets, and risks. Comparisons to the ratios of industry peers can gauge how a company fares against its competitors regarding its spending on long-term assets (i.e. whether it is more efficient or lagging behind peers). This ratio is also important in industries such as manufacturing where a company can typically spend a lot of money on the purchase of equipment.

## Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio Formula

The term “Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio” refers to the operating performance metric that shows how efficiently a company is utilizing its fixed assets (machinery and equipment) to generates sales. In other words, this ratio is used to determine the amount of dollar revenue generated by each dollar of available fixed assets. The fixed asset turnover ratio holds significance especially in certain industries such as those where companies spend a high proportion investing in fixed assets. Calculate the Fixed asset turnover ratio with the net sales of and average net fixed assets of 20. The fixed asset turnover ratio, like the total asset turnover ratio, tracks how efficiently a company’s assets are being put to use (and producing sales).

• The Fixed Asset Turnover Calculator is used to calculate the fixed asset turnover ratio.
• It is important to understand the concept of the fixed asset turnover ratio as it was helpful in assessing the operational efficiency of a company.
• The formula for the asset turnover ratio evaluates how well a company is utilizing its assets to produce revenue.
• Calculate the Fixed asset turnover ratio with the net sales of and average net fixed assets of 20.

We can now calculate the fixed asset turnover ratio by dividing the net revenue for the year by the average fixed asset balance, which is equal to the sum of the current and prior period balance divided by two. Therefore, the fixed asset turnover ratio determines if a company’s purchases of fixed assets – i.e. capital expenditures (CapEx) – are being spent effectively or not. The fixed asset turnover ratio measures how efficiently a company can generate sales with its fixed asset investments (typically property, plant, and equipment).

## What is Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio?

The Fixed Asset Turnover Calculator is used to calculate the fixed asset turnover ratio. Although it is a very useful metric, one of the major flaws with this ratio is that it can be influenced by manipulating the depreciation charge as the ratio is calculated based on the net value of fixed assets. So, the higher the depreciation charge, the better will be the ratio and vice versa. The formula for the asset turnover ratio evaluates how well a company is utilizing its assets to produce revenue. Investors and creditors typically favor this ratio as it shows how well a company is utilizing its assets to generate sales, and can therefore assist with measuring the return on investment that can be achieved. Despite the reduction in Capex, the company’s revenue is growing – higher revenue is being generated on lower levels of CapEx purchases.

During the year, the company booked net sales of \$260,174 million, while its net fixed assets at the start and end of 2019 stood at \$41,304 million and \$37,378 million respectively. Calculate Apple Inc.’s fixed assets turnover ratio based on the given information. This calculator will compute a company’s fixed asset turnover ratio, given the total value of the company’s fixed assets and its total sales. Since the company’s revenue growth remains strong throughout the forecast period while its Capex spending declined, the fixed asset turnover ratio trends upward.

## About Fixed Asset Turnover Calculator

You will learn how to use its formula to assess a company’s operating efficiency. In particular, Capex spending patterns in recent periods must also be understood when making comparisons, since one-time periodic purchases could be misleading and skew the ratio. The Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio measures the efficiency at which a company is capable of utilizing its long-term fixed asset base (PP&E) to generate revenue.

Any manufacturing issues that affect sales might also produce a misleading result. Otherwise, operating inefficiencies can be created that have significant implications (i.e. long-lasting consequences) and have the potential to erode a company’s profit margins.

## How to Interpret Fixed Asset Turnover by Industry?

Generally, a greater fixed-asset turnover ratio is more desireable as it suggests the company is much more efficient in turning its investment in fixed assets into revenue. In general, the higher the fixed asset turnover ratio, the better, as the company is implied to be generating more revenue per dollar of long-term assets owned. An increase in the ratio over previous periods can, on the other hand, suggest the company is successfully turning its investment in its fixed assets into revenue. Therefore, XYZ Inc.’s fixed asset turnover ratio is higher than that of ABC Inc. which indicates that XYZ Inc. was more effective in the use of its fixed assets during 2019.

Some methods of depreciation can produce a book value that is false, and thus the performance will look much better than reality. From Year 0 to the end of Year 5, the company’s net revenue expands from \$120 million to \$160 million, whereas its PP&E declined from \$40 million to \$29 million. Suppose an industrials company generated \$120 million in net revenue in the past year, with \$40 million in PP&E. Average acceleration is the object’s change in speed for a specific given time period. A bottleneck that is stifling sales will lead to a much lower ratio but will right itself and become more accurate once the bottleneck is removed.

A ratio that is declining can indicate that the company is potentially over-investing in property, plant or equipment or simply producing a product that isn’t selling. BNR Company builds small airplanes and has net sales of \$900,000 for the year using equipment that cost \$500,000. So take all Fixed Assets less any accumulated depreciation they may have generated and then divide the result into net sales. This is an advanced guide on how to calculate Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio with detailed analysis, example, and interpretation.