How to Calculate Outstanding Shares

It excludes closely held shares, which are stock shares held by company insiders or controlling investors. These types of investors typically include officers, directors, and company foundations. The purpose of the repurchase can also be to eliminate the shareholder dilution that will occur from future employee stock option or equity grants. Companies with large cash reserves on their balance sheets may also be able to repurchase stock more aggressively, thus decreasing the number of shares outstanding increasing its earnings per share by using its existing cash.

A company’s number of shares outstanding is the number of shares investors and company executives currently own, while the number of issued shares is the number of shares that have ever been traded in the stock market. A company’s number of issued shares includes any shares the company has bought back and now holds in its treasury. The term “float” refers to the number of shares available to be traded by the public and excludes any shares held by company executives or the company’s treasury. In the United States, the figures for outstanding shares are accessible from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) quarterly filings. To understand the calculation of outstanding shares, let us take an example of a company that has recently issued 1000 shares.

Shares outstanding refers to the number of shares of common stock a company has issued to investors and company executives. The number is used to calculate many common financial metrics, such as earnings per share (EPS) and market capitalization. While shares outstanding account for company stock that includes restricted shares and blocks of institutional shares, floating stock specifically refers to shares that are available for trading. Floating stock is calculated by taking outstanding shares and subtracting restricted shares. Restricted stock are shares that are owned by company insiders, employees and key shareholders that are under temporary restriction, and therefore cannot be traded.

Shares outstanding are used to determine a company’s market capitalization, i.e. the total value of a company’s equity, or equity value. Shares outstanding are the basis of several key financial metrics and can be useful for tracking a company’s operating performance. However, due to the fluctuations in share counts between reporting periods, the figure is typically expressed as a weighted average.

Calculate the Weighted Average of Outstanding Shares

Please don’t confuse shares outstanding with authorized stock and issued stock as they are completely different, and shares outstanding is a subset of both authorized stock and issued stock. While outstanding shares are a determinant of a stock’s liquidity, the latter is largely dependent on its share float. A company may have 100 million shares outstanding, but if 95 million of these shares are held by insiders and institutions, the float of only five million may constrain the stock’s liquidity.

• The number of shares outstanding increases if a company sells more shares to the public, splits its stock, or employees redeem stock options.
• For example, let’s say you want to calculate the weighted average number of outstanding shares for a company over two reporting periods of 6 months each.
• In the United States, the figures for outstanding shares are accessible from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) quarterly filings.
• Often, a company does this to meet listing requirements, which often require a minimum share price.

A company’s number of outstanding shares is not static and may fluctuate wildly over time. Once you have collected the total number of preferred shares, common shares outstanding, and treasury shares, you’re ready to do your calculation. Once you’ve located the company’s balance sheet, find the line item for preferred stock. The number of shares outstanding increases if a company sells more shares to the public, splits its stock, or employees redeem stock options. The number of shares outstanding decreases if the company buys back shares or a reverse stock split is completed.

Where to Find the Number of Shares Outstanding?

In the second 6-month period, the company’s number of shares outstanding is 150,000. Instead, the weighted average incorporates changes in the number of outstanding shares over a certain period of time. Some companies’ balance sheets list the common shares outstanding straight out. But usually you will need to pull several numbers from the balance sheet in order to calculate the total outstanding shares formula. It’s important to note that outstanding shares do not include treasury stock, which are shares that were once owned by investors that a corporation has repurchased. They also do not include preferred shares, which are stocks that do not carry shareholder voting rights, but do give their owners some ownership rights and pay a fixed dividend.

Companies typically issue shares when they raise capital through an equity financing, or upon exercising employee stock options (ESO) or other financial instruments. Outstanding shares will decrease if the company buys back its shares under a share repurchase program. If there is a difference between the number of shares issued and outstanding, the difference is treasury stock.

Therefore, the number of outstanding shares of a company is not static and is bound to change over time. Warrants grant the stock bearer the right to purchase additional shares of outstanding stock from the company’s treasury. Stocks outstanding rise as warrants are exercised, while Treasury stock counts fall. The company will now have to sell 100 shares from its treasury to the warrant holders if all of these warrants are exercised.

Weighted Average of Outstanding Shares

Shares outstanding are the stock that is held by a company’s shareholders on the open market. Along with individual shareholders, this includes restricted shares that are held by a company’s officers and institutional investors. The number of shares outstanding will increase if a company undertakes a stock split, or will reduce if it undertakes a reverse stock split. Stock splits are usually undertaken to bring the share price of a company within the buying range of retail investors; the increase in the number of outstanding shares also improves liquidity.

• A company may announce a stock split in an attempt to increase the affordability of its shares and grow the number of investors.
• The formula for determining the outstanding shares is the number of shares outstanding x current share price.
• To calculate the weighted average of outstanding shares, multiply the number of outstanding shares per period by the proportion of the total time covered by each period.
• The purpose of the repurchase can also be to eliminate the shareholder dilution that will occur from future employee stock option or equity grants.
• Next, you’ll want to look for the common stock line item on the company’s balance sheet.
• Outstanding shares are the total number of shares issued by the company except the ones held in the company treasury.