# Present value of an ordinary annuity table

Find out how an annuity can offer you guaranteed monthly income throughout your retirement. Speak with one of our qualified financial professionals today to discover which of our industry-leading annuity products fits into your long-term financial strategy. Get personal finance tips, expert advice and trending money topics in our free weekly newsletter. For example, using Excel, you can find the present value of an annuity with values that fall outside the range of those included in an annuity table. There is a separate table for the present value of an annuity due, and it will give you the correct factor based on the second formula.

Given this information, the annuity is worth \$10,832 less on a time-adjusted basis, and the individual should choose the lump sum payment over the annuity. An annuity table, or present value table, is simply a tool to help you calculate the present value of your annuity. First, you need to know whether you receive your payments at the end of the period — as is the case with an ordinary annuity — or at the beginning of the period. When payments are distributed at the beginning of a period, the annuity is referred to as an annuity due.

## Rate Table For the Present Value of an Ordinary Annuity of 1

Conversely, if I hand you \$1,000 in cash at the end of the year, you will have \$1,000. So, essentially, the \$1,000 I give you 365 days from now is worth only \$990 to you because you’ve missed the opportunity to invest it and earn the 1 percent compound interest. Annuity.org partners with outside experts to ensure we are providing accurate financial content. Figuring the present value of any future amount of an annuity may also be performed using a financial calculator or software built for such a purpose. Where i is the interest rate per period and n is the total number of periods with compounding occurring once per period.

The formula for finding the present value of an ordinary annuity is often presented one of two ways, where “r” represents the interest rate and “n” represents the number of periods. Our expert reviewers hold advanced degrees and certifications and have years of experience with personal finances, retirement planning and investments. To find the present value of ordinary annuity find the appropriate period and rate in the tables below.

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Present value tables aren’t as precise as manual calculations or financial software programs because the tables contain a limited set of interest rates and payments. If you take a look at a variety of ordinary annuity tables, you’ll see the factors are all within a decimal place, depending on whether they are rounded. Additionally, you can use them only with fixed payment amounts and interest rates. The factor is determined by the interest rate (r in the formula) and the number of periods in which payments will be made (n in the formula). In an annuity table, the number of periods is commonly depicted down the left column. Simply select the correct interest rate and number of periods to find your factor in the intersecting cell.

Therefore, if you consult an annuity table, you can easily find the PVIFA by identifying the intersection of the number of payments (n) on the vertical axis and the interest rate (r) on the horizontal axis. An annuity is a series of payments that occur at the same intervals and in the same amounts. An example of an annuity is a series of payments from the buyer of an asset to the seller, where the buyer promises to make a series of regular payments.

## Annuity Table: Overview, Examples, and Formulas

So, if you have \$1,000 right now, and you put it in a high-yield savings account with a 1 percent annual percentage yield (APY), at the end of a year, you will have \$1,010. Based on the time value of money, the present value of your annuity is not equal to the accumulated value of the contract. This is because the payments you are scheduled to receive at a future date are actually worth less than the same amount in your bank account today. Because most fixed annuity contracts distribute payments at the end of the period, we’ve used ordinary annuity present value calculations for our examples. An ordinary annuity generates payments at the end of the annuity period, while an annuity due is an annuity with the payment expected or paid at the start of the payment period.

• You can find the exact present value of your remaining payments by using Excel.
• You can read more about our commitment to accuracy, fairness and transparency in our editorial guidelines.
• An annuity table provides a factor, based on time, and a discount rate (interest rate) by which an annuity payment can be multiplied to determine its present value.
• An annuity table is a tool for determining the present value of an annuity or other structured series of payments.

The terms of your contract state that you will hold the annuity for 7 years at a guaranteed effective interest rate of 3.25 percent. You can find the exact present value of your remaining payments by using Excel. In the PVOA formula, the present value interest factor of an annuity is the part of the equation that is written as and multiplied by the payment amount.