# Rate of Return RoR Meaning, Formula, and Examples When tracking the rate of return for shorter periods, such as months, these rates of return can be compounded to reach an annualized return. Using a discount rate means we have to “discount”, or reduce future cash flows in order to convert them to today’s value. The simple rate of return formula assumes that the amount of the increase in annual revenues and expenses will be constant, but in practice this is usually not the case. It may take you a few years before you’re able to reach your new capacity with new clients or orders. The building would depreciate over 20 years, which would increase the company’s depreciation expense. However, buying the building saves the company from paying rent, which equates to a net saving of \$10,000 per year on an after-tax basis. The formula for simple rate of return compares the incremental profit from the capital investment upgrade to its initial cost. The return is calculated by taking the change in value divided by the original investment. It is an important measure of performance and the higher the positive rate of return, the better the investment, with negative rates of return indicating a loss. The compound annual growth rate (CAGR), also called the annualized rate of return, differs from the simple rate of return in that it considers the compounding effect of returns over multiple periods of time.

## Calculate Annual Net Operating Income

Everyone would choose to receive \$100 today and thus, \$100 today is considered worth more than \$100 tomorrow. To better understand the cons of using the simple rate of return, let’s talk about some topics that may render the simple rate of return formula insufficient. The simple rate of return is also known as the unadjusted rate of return and the accounting rate of return. While that’s certainly true, it’s also unfortunately true that capital investments don’t always lead to great profits. Simple rate of return can be calculated by taking the increase in accounting net income from an investment divided by the cost of the investment. Both the investment cost and incremental profit are estimated in order to perform the calculation. The simple rate of return compares the incremental earnings from the investment with the investment’s cost. This is helpful when evaluating if a company’s investment in a physical asset, called a capital investment, is worth the cost.

## Rate of Return (RoR) Meaning, Formula, and Examples

Instead, consider such other techniques as net present value analysis and throughput analysis. Typically, a business might set a minimum rate of return to determine whether a given investment would be worth it, or if money and resources might be better spent elsewhere on a project with higher profitability. If your simple rate of return clears the minimum by at least a few points, there’s a good chance it’s worth more serious consideration. Using the examples above, if you estimate \$70,000 in estimated annual incremental revenue and subtract \$33,000 in annual incremental expenses, your annual net income would be \$37,000. The rate of return can be calculated for any investment, dealing with any kind of asset.

The \$2,000 inflow in year five would be discounted using the discount rate at 5% for five years. If the sum of all the adjusted cash inflows and outflows is greater than zero, the investment is profitable. A positive net cash inflow also means that the rate of return is higher than the 5% discount rate. Despite its simplicity, the simple rate of return method is far from perfect.

## Real Rate of Return (RoR) vs. Nominal Rate of Return (RoR)

Rate of return can be used to measure the monetary appreciation of any asset, including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, real estate, collectibles, and more. The method does not factor in whether or not the capital project under consideration has any impact on the throughput of a company’s operations, or on the constrained resource within the organization. In just over 20 years in business, Team Financial Group has helped companies just like yours secure a total \$600 million in financing. We pride ourselves on being easy to work with, efficient, and fully committed to helping our clients achieve lasting success. Even if, hypothetically, an investment would make you more money in the long run, you’ll never get there if you can’t afford the initial expense in the first place or can’t get financing on favorable enough terms.

• This means constantly analyzing new possibilities for capital investments, which are investments that, despite not being turned into something that is produced by the company, are useful for increasing profits.
• Instead, the rate of return calculated would be higher than the actual rate of return, because you would actually be receiving the return some time later, instead of today.
• The company can then evaluate whether the 5% return is attractive or if it has alternative investments that would be preferable.
• This investor would have realized a \$50 capital gain and \$150 (5 x \$30) in interest payments, for total profits of \$200.

But identifying which investments will provide the greatest long-term profit is only the first step. Figuring out how you’re going to actually pay for them is just as important. Add these two figures together, and you get annual incremental expenses of \$33,000 per year. It’s also worth noting that you can have a negative rate of return, or a loss. It’s possible to put money into something and leave with less, which would translate to a negative rate of return in %.

## Simple rate of return definition

The simple rate of return method measures how much a company expects to profit from a capital investment each year. The rate of return calculation starts with an estimate of incremental net income or loss. One example of such an estimate could be if a company evaluated purchasing an office building instead of renting space. The company estimates that it could purchase a building for \$200,000, and it has the cash on hand to fund the purchase.

The realized rate of return can be assessed against their own return expectations, or compared to the performance of other investments, indices, or portfolios. Similarly, if a prospective project could result in a cost reduction (rather than incremental net income), then one would substitute the amount of cost savings for incremental net income in the calculation. Simple rate of return is calculated as Ending Value minus Initial Value, divided by Initial Value times 100%. Alternatively, you can also use Ending Value divided by Initial Value minus one, times 100%. Now that you know you can expect to yield 25% on this project over 6 months–you can decide if this opportunity is worthwhile. Perhaps your rate of return with clients is usually well over 25% and closer to 75%, but because you have to hire a software developer, that return is heavily reduced.

The method does not use discounting to reduce the incremental amount of net income to its present value. Instead, it assumes that any net income earned during the measurement period is the same as its present value. This failing overstates the rate of return, especially for income that may be many periods in the future.